The Gospel According to Luke

Chapter 4

The temptation and fasting of Christ, 1-13. He begins to preach, 14, 15. The people of Nazareth admire his gracious words, but being offended, seek to kill him, 16-32. He cures someone possessed with a demon, 33-37, Peter's mother-in-law, 38, 39, and various other sick persons, 40. The demons acknowledge Christ and are reproved for it, 41. He preaches through the cities of Galilee, 42-44.

1 And Jesus being full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan and was led by the Spirit into the wilderness, 2 Being forty days tempted by the devil. And in those days he ate nothing, and when they had ended, he was afterward hungry. 3 And the devil said to him, "If you are the Son of God, command this stone that it be made bread." 4 And Jesus answered him, saying, "It is written, 'Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word of God.'"

5 And the devil taking him up upon a high mountain showed to him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment of time. 6 And the devil said to him, "All this power I will give you, and the glory of them, for that is delivered to me, and to whomever I wish, I give it. 7 If you therefore will worship me, all shall be yours." 8 And Jesus answered and said to him, "Get behind me, Satan, for it is written, 'You shall worship the Lord your God, and you shall serve him only.'"

9 And he brought him to Jerusalem and set him on a pinnacle of the temple, and said to him, "If you are the son of God, cast yourself down from here, 10 For it is written,

'"He will give his angels charge over you,/
to keep you.

11 And

"in their hands they will bear you up,/
lest at any time you dash your foot against a stone.

12 And Jesus, answering, said to him, "It is said, 'You shall not test the Lord your God.'"

13 And when the devil had ended all the temptation, he departed from him for a season.

14 And Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit into Galilee. And there went out a fame of him through all the surrounding region. 15 And he taught in their synagogues, being glorified by all.

16 And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up, and, as his custom was, he went into the synagogue on the sabbath and stood up to read. 17 And there was delivered to him the book of the prophet Isaiah. And when he had opened the book, he found the place where it was written,

18 "The Spirit of the Lord is upon me/
because he has anointed me/
to preach the gospel to the poor./
He has sent me to heal the broken-hearted,/
to preach deliverance to the captives,/
and recovering of sight to the blind,/
to set at liberty those who are bruised,

19 To preach the acceptable year of the Lord."

20 And he closed the book, gave it back to the minister, and sat down. And the eyes of all those who were in the synagogue were fastened on him. 21 And he began to say to them, "This day this Scripture is fulfilled in your ears." 22 And all bore him testimony and wondered at the gracious words which proceeded out of his mouth. And they said, "Is this not Joseph's son?" 23 And he said to them, "You will surely say to me this proverb, 'Physician, heal yourself. Whatever we have heard done in Capernaum, do here in your country also.'" 24 And he said, "Truly I say to you, no prophet is accepted in his own country. 25 But I tell you in truth, many widows were in Israel in the days of Elijah when the heaven was shut three years and six months when great famine was throughout all the land. 26 But Elijah was sent to none of them, except to Zarephath, a city of Sidon, to a woman who was a widow. 27 And many lepers were in Israel in the time of Elisha the prophet, and not one of them was cleansed, except Naaman the Syrian." 28 And all those in the synagogue, when they heard these things, were filled with wrath. 29 And they rose up, thrust him out of the city, and led him to the brow of the hill on which their city was built so that they might cast him down headlong. 30 But he, passing through the midst of them, went away.

31 And he came down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee, and taught them on the sabbath-days. 32 And they were astonished at his doctrine, for his word was with power. 33 And in the synagogue there was a man who had a spirit of an unclean demon, and he cried out with a loud voice, 34 Saying, "Leave us alone. What have we to do with you, Jesus of Nazareth? Have you come to destroy us? I know who you are—the Holy One of God." 35 And Jesus rebuked him, saying, "Hold your peace and come out of him." And when the demon had thrown him in the midst, he came out of him and did not hurt him. 36 And they were all amazed and spoke among themselves, saying, "What a word this is! For with authority and power he commands the unclean spirits, and they come out." 37 And the fame of him went out into every place of the surrounding country.

38 And he arose out of the synagogue and entered into Simon's house. And the mother of Simon's wife was taken with a violent fever, and they implored him for her. 39 And he stood over her and rebuked the fever, and it left her. And immediately she arose and ministered to them.

40 Now when the sun was setting, all those who had any sick with various diseases brought them to him. And he laid his hands on every one of them and healed them. 41 And demons also came out of many, crying out, and saying, "You are Christ the Son of God." And rebuking them, he did not allow them to speak, for they knew that he was Christ.

42 And when it was day, he departed and went into a desolate place. And the people sought him, came to him, and wanted to keep him so that he would not depart from them. 43 And he said to them, "I must preach the kingdom of God to other cities also, for that is why I am sent."

44 And he preached in the synagogues of Galilee.


Matthew Henry Commentary - Luke, Chapter 4[➚]


[v.1-4] - Gospel Link: Matthew 4:1-4; Mark 1:12-13.

[v.4] - Quoting Deuteronomy 8:3 (LXX).

[v.5-13] - Gospel Link: Matthew 4:5-11.

[v.8] - Quoting Deuteronomy 6:13.

[v.10] - Quoting Psalm 91:11 (LXX).

[v.11] - Quoting Psalm 91:12 (LXX).

[v.12] - Quoting Deuteronomy 6:16 (LXX).

[v.14] - Gospel Link: Matthew 4:12; Mark 1:14.

[v.15] - Gospel Link: Matthew 4:17; Mark 1:15.

[v.18-19] - Quoting Isaiah 61:1-2 (LXX—paraphrased).

[v.24] - Gospel Link: Matthew 13:57; Mark 6:4; John 4:44.

[v.25] - Reference, 1st Kings 17:1, 18:1-2.

[v.26] - Reference, 1st Kings 17:9.

[v.27] - Reference, 2nd Kings, ch. 5.

[v.31-36] - Gospel Link: Mark 1:21-28.

[v.38-44] - Gospel Link: Matthew 8:14-18; Mark 1:29-39.