The Words of Amos

Chapter 8

By a basket of summer fruit is shown the approach of Israel's end, 1-3. Oppression is reproved, 4-10. A famine of the word of God threatened, 11-14.

1 Thus the Lord GOD has shown to me, and behold, a basket of summer fruit. 2 And he said, "Amos, what do you see?" And I said, "A basket of summer fruit." Then the LORD said to me,

"The end has come upon my people of Israel./
I will not again pass by them anymore.

And the songs of the temple/
shall be howlings in that day,"

says the Lord GOD.

"There shall be many dead bodies in every place./
They shall cast them forth with silence.

Hear this, O you who swallow up the needy,/
even to make the poor of the land to fail,

Saying, 'When will the new moon be gone/
so that we may sell grain,/
and the sabbath/
so that we may set forth wheat,/
making the ephah small/
and the shekel great,/
and falsifying the balances by deceit,

So that we may buy the poor for silver/
and the needy for a pair of shoes,/
and even sell the refuse of the wheat?'"

The LORD has sworn by the excellence of Jacob,/
"Surely I will never forget any of their works.

Shall the land not tremble for this,/
and everyone mourn who dwells in it?/
It shall rise up wholly as a flood,/
and it shall be cast out and drowned/
as by the flood of Egypt.

And it shall come to pass in that day,"

says the Lord GOD,

"that I will cause the sun to go down at noon/
and I will darken the earth in the clear day,

10 I will turn your feasts into mourning/
and all your songs into lamentation,/
I will bring up sackcloth upon all loins/
and baldness upon every head,/
and I will make it as the mourning of an only son/
and its end as a bitter day.

11 Behold, the days come,"

says the Lord GOD,

"that I will send a famine in the land,/
not a famine of bread, nor a thirst for water,/
but of hearing the words of the LORD.

12 And they shall wander from sea to sea/
and from the north even to the east,/
they shall run to and fro/
to seek the word of the LORD/
and shall not find it.

13 In that day the fair virgins/
and young men shall faint for thirst.

14 Those who swear by the sin of Samaria,/
and say, 'Your god, O Dan, lives,'/
and, 'The manner of Beer-sheba lives,'/
even they shall fall and never rise again."


Matthew Henry Commentary - Amos, Chapter 8[➚]


John Gill's Chapter Summary:

In this chapter a fourth vision is delivered, the vision of a basket of summer fruit; signifying the destruction of the ten tribes, for which they were ripe, and which would quickly come upon them (verses 1-3); the rich are reproved for their oppression of the poor, their covetousness and earthly mindedness (verses 4-6); for which they are threatened with entire ruin, sudden calamities, and very mournful times, instead of light, joy, and gladness (verses 7-10); and particularly with a famine of hearing the word of God (verses 11-12); the consequence of which would be, a fainting of the young men and virgins for thirst, and the utter and irrecoverable ruin of all idolaters (verses 13-14).

[v.3] - "There shall be many dead bodies in every place. They shall cast them forth with silence" - Perhaps a near literal translation of this passage will give it more gravity. "There shall be many dead bodies in every place. Throw them away. Be silent."

[v.5] - "When will the new moon be gone" - This may also be read as, "When will the month pass...?"

[v.8] - "flood" - Hebrew: כאר (kah-ore') and then כיאור (kee-ah-ore')—stream of the Nile, Nile River, stream, canal. Both uses of this word in this verse are, by simile, referring to a river, specifically the Nile River. An allusion is made to this by the phrase, "as by the flood of Egypt."

[v.9] - "I will cause the sun to go down at noon" - This is a figurative expression. From John Gill's Exposition: "Or to be so dark as if it was set; as at the time of our Lord's crucifixion, to which many of the ancient fathers refer this prophecy, though it has respect to other times and things... It doubtless designs the kingdom of Israel, their whole policy, civil and ecclesiastic, and the destruction of it; particularly their king, princes, and nobles, that should be in great adversity, and that suddenly and unexpectedly; it being a fine sunshine morning with them, and they in great prosperity, and yet by noon their sun would be set, and they in the utmost darkness and distress."

[v.10] - "the mourning of an only son" - A similar expression is made in Zechariah 12:10.